Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • Publicado em 14 Nov 2019
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • Ciência e tecnologiaCiência e tecnologia

Comentários • 6 805

  • Chester John Somes
    Chester John Somes 15 minutos atrás

    This is the home of the United Nations the most useless organization on Earth.

  • Mike Dawson
    Mike Dawson 6 horas atrás

    I will solve your matter and anti-matterr issues. Because....we havent. DAAAAAAAAAMNNNNN

  • alex gibbs
    alex gibbs 7 horas atrás

    You mean 1.12 quadrillion dollars? You mean in yen or something? Lol that's insane but yea anti matter probably doesn't have a big market. Can charge pretty much whatever

  • MrWaalkman
    MrWaalkman 8 horas atrás

    A positron here, and a positron there, and pretty soon we're talking about some real damage.

  • Tamara Oweibo
    Tamara Oweibo 12 horas atrás

    How did she know the mass of all the fish on earth? 🤔

  • Arnaud Monico
    Arnaud Monico 15 horas atrás

    My first day at EPFL, I saw physics girl from far. Quite surprising

  • Joe Deglman
    Joe Deglman 15 horas atrás

    This is not antimatter, it is an "anti-proton." An anti-proton is made from matter by alpha-decay of the positron out of the nucleus. No one has ever tried to put any of this stuff back together to see if it annihilates.
    Why would "anti-matter" annihilate by putting it back together as matter, makes no sense, since antiprotons came from matter and it was perfectly stable before we pulled the anti-proton out of the matter. As a matter of fact, anti-matter decays back into matter within just a few seconds, by beta-decay, if not contained in a strong magnetic field. That is why there is not much anti-matter in the universe. Anti-matter does not exist and is impossible, they are just labeling it anti-matter, with no such evidence that it will annihilate when put back together as matter.
    Also we alpha-decay a positron out of matter, then an electron beta-decays out of "anti-matter" to make matter again. That means a positron and an electron where both existing together inside of matter before it alpha and beta decayed out an electron and a positron, so clearly those can exist together in the nucleus and they do not annihilate anything when together as matter.
    Also we they smash a photon into the nucleus of an atom, they can get the two to separate out of the photon into an electron and a positron, so clearly they can exist together as a photon without annihilating.
    Anti-protons and protons are mixed together all the time in the Van Allen Belts and at the center of Marklund convection in the inter-galactic filaments, and none of it has ever shown evidence of annihilation. In fact the evidence is that at the axis of flow of Marklund convection, twists protons and anti-protons twist back together as neutral matter, yet no evidence of annihilation anywhere. Nor have they ever tried it in a lab, just playing around with busted up chunks of matter.

  • Gary E
    Gary E 15 horas atrás

    Here is what I learned from your video, antimatter is hard to find, and even harder to hold. I thought antimatter was never actually seen or found and was only a mathematical hypothesis. For us layman, need more graphs, pictures, and talk slower with more emphasis on the point you are making. You lost me a few times, but I will keep watching, in hopes that I will learn something. Do like the concept of this show. You go girl. Girl power.

  • Michael
    Michael 21 hora atrás

    And happy what did she say?

  • shirshendu chatterjee
    shirshendu chatterjee 23 horas atrás

    you are so cute

  • Cracker Boxy
    Cracker Boxy Dia atrás

    What are the implications of this in the realm of quantum entanglement?

  • FruitOfTheGrapes
    FruitOfTheGrapes Dia atrás

    Now starting a petition to call a electron a negatron. For diction and syntax of course.

  • Mike O'Keefe
    Mike O'Keefe Dia atrás

    Brains and beauty....wow..... !

  • Topsoil Depletion Awareness (closing the loop)

    What if antimatter gets pull by gravity more so most of the antimatter is in black holes?

  • C Money
    C Money Dia atrás

    OR POOF!!!

  • Intermountain Gold Refiners

    Anti Hydrogen? is it a dimer?

  • jackson george
    jackson george Dia atrás

    hi dear, I
    can't believe this. how can we store one gram of antimatter on the earth, because everything was created on the earth is made up of matter. could you please tell me if you know.

    • Lünkel
      Lünkel Dia atrás

      The basic idea is to have a vacuum chamber and keep the antimatter suspended using magnetic fields I believe.

  • Diego de la Llata
    Diego de la Llata Dia atrás

    What about the PET scan? How does that work?

  • Evan Davies
    Evan Davies 2 dias atrás

    FYI the United Nations is in NYC ;)

  • CrippledMerc
    CrippledMerc 2 dias atrás

    Matter and antimatter are like an identical twin brother and sister. The same, but opposite.

  • Aaron Phelps
    Aaron Phelps 2 dias atrás

    fake science, Stop Lying

  • Jase Lynch
    Jase Lynch 2 dias atrás

    Apple in a few year
    "Ey lemme get a gram"

  • Indigo Storm
    Indigo Storm 2 dias atrás

    Nice hat

  • Dmitry Vakulenko
    Dmitry Vakulenko 2 dias atrás +1

    when the text "a.d.hall" went on screen, i immediately thought about object oriented programming

  • protools fanatic
    protools fanatic 2 dias atrás

    doesn't make sense to make something that is so sensitive that a 5 gallon pale would blow up 1000 square miles. what is the point ya know.

  • rj cole
    rj cole 2 dias atrás

    Please fix that table lol

  • Joshua Apathy Miller
    Joshua Apathy Miller 2 dias atrás +3

    So we have matter & anti-matter, and dark matter...is there dark anti-matter?

  • American Enigma _
    American Enigma _ 2 dias atrás +1

    Manages to get antimatter in a bottle ! Takes it out , drops it accidentally! Oops ! Apocalypse begins ......bye bye earth

  • Ryu Ken
    Ryu Ken 2 dias atrás

    Black lives anti matter

  • õõ
    õõ 2 dias atrás

    So if all the matter in the apparent universe coalesced, just a small proportion of antimatter would create a huge explosion.

  • Linas Martusevičius
    Linas Martusevičius 2 dias atrás

    Wait... 10 nukes to destroy Manhattan?...

  • gtb111
    gtb111 2 dias atrás +1

    How do we know if Andromeda isn't an antimatter-galaxy? (Or some Galaxy out there)

  • kalez238
    kalez238 2 dias atrás

    So does anyone know the results of the spectroscopie experiment of antihydrogen vs that of hydrogen?

  • Peter Pan
    Peter Pan 3 dias atrás

    The monetary value is nonsensical. It's not like you can sell or buy it. Load of bollicks.

  • Ankit Nain
    Ankit Nain 3 dias atrás

    Please improve thumbnail ..i ignored this video just because of poor thumbnail...✓ but it is damn good video

  • gaijininja
    gaijininja 3 dias atrás

    Maybe there was almost equal quantities of matter and antimatter after the big bang, but as there was slightly more matter, that is all that is left after all the rest of the matter and antimatter annihilated. Dark energy, the mysterious yet unexplained hypothetical "pulse" not long after the big bang, and the fact the universe is accelerating it's expansion rate could all be because of the annihilation of all the matter/antimatter, and the remains of the energy produced. A few particles of antimatter annihilating would go "poof", but a quantity 10, 100, 10E99 times the mass of the known universe now would go boom for hundreds of millions of years. Our universe IS the post annihilation "Boom!"

  • dijasom
    dijasom 3 dias atrás

    always confuses me why people question why antimatter and matter didn't wipe each other out, yet never see someone question whether or not we are just a tiny bubble of the original universes "big bang" sent through a wormhole, with more matter than antimatter.
    Assuming of course, wormholes are possible, wouldn't that initial energetic setting, make for the most plausible situation where they would occur?

  • sheth tejas
    sheth tejas 3 dias atrás

    Anti proton costs $ 13 a kilo
    ~ Xi Jinping

  • Zakaria Rabiai
    Zakaria Rabiai 3 dias atrás

    Assuming the big bang is real

  • Jared Stuart
    Jared Stuart 3 dias atrás

    All these videos about finding hidden safes full of gold coins. What we should all be looking for is some antimatter!

  • foxhound928
    foxhound928 3 dias atrás

    Nostradamus did predict a very large explosion at Geneva.

  • Ravi Dhyani
    Ravi Dhyani 3 dias atrás

    U explained very well. Awesome

  • Status Quo
    Status Quo 4 dias atrás +1

    Producing anti-matter - cannot even install flicker-free lamps.

  • E. Vasquez
    E. Vasquez 4 dias atrás

    eventually we will learn to make extraterrestrial tools .... this will be the key for manned UFO'S... and maybe time travel.

  • King Hero
    King Hero 4 dias atrás

    the reason you don't find antimatter on earth is for two reasons 1 it annihilate with matter, and 2 it is gravitationally repelled by matter

    • Killing Vector
      Killing Vector 13 horas atrás

      Where did you find that antimatter repels matter?

  • Ken Nguyen
    Ken Nguyen 4 dias atrás +3

    I can't get over that plant wobbling around every time she leans on that uneven table

  • islam saied
    islam saied 5 dias atrás

    I have a massive crush over physics girl :"""""S

  • Siyao Lee
    Siyao Lee 5 dias atrás +1

    So the first person comes to my mind is you.

  • Von Paraz
    Von Paraz 5 dias atrás

    I'm envious...

  • Thebuilderofthings1
    Thebuilderofthings1 5 dias atrás

    Nothing really antimatter's to me....

  • S P
    S P 5 dias atrás

    Maybe there wasn’t meant to be more of it, curiosity is good and all and learning new stuff to advance us is great, but when something “can’t even touch the air” maybe it’s a big warning sign from nature telling us not to go there lol
    Awesome videos tho

  • Cheese .EXE.
    Cheese .EXE. 5 dias atrás +16

    Rappers are gonna be flexing with antimatter watches in 100 years.

    • XenogenesisX2
      XenogenesisX2 8 horas atrás

      @Alex Carey you must be fun at parties

    • Alex Carey
      Alex Carey 2 dias atrás +1

      They would just exolode

  • Anshil Agarwal
    Anshil Agarwal 5 dias atrás

    Plz explain this in next video

  • Shoeless b
    Shoeless b 5 dias atrás

    Ive been making my own out of Chinese antisheetrock.

  • ToyJunkie1981
    ToyJunkie1981 5 dias atrás

    There must be some anti-matter at Fort Knox.

  • Clifford Williams
    Clifford Williams 6 dias atrás


  • Ahmed M. Ragb
    Ahmed M. Ragb 6 dias atrás

    Watching this while playing the Antimatter dimensions game make me feel so smart omg

  • Vasiliy Ulin
    Vasiliy Ulin 6 dias atrás

    I had never seen a 'cute' side to the physics girl before.
    *checks* yap...still on the physics girl channel... I must've got transported to the anti-universe or something...

  • Mia Aailiya Cardenas
    Mia Aailiya Cardenas 6 dias atrás

    Oh wow, the cool part is that I already know about this................................ Thanks to the "Angels and Demons" by Dan Brown, I predicted a physics girl episode!!!!!! I legit feel so smart rn.

  • Drachenfels
    Drachenfels 7 dias atrás

    Honestly. all the fish to the destroy the moon? What about a grain of sand to blew up your house and all other houses in 1 mile vicinity?